The word ‘bryophytes’ is a Latin word, which is taken from two words
“Bryon” mean moss and “Phyton” means plants. Generally, Bryophytes are
small, non-vascular plants such as mosses, liverworts and hornworts.

General Character of Bryophytes

  • bryophytes are not tall.
  • bryophytes live near wet and dry places.
  • bryophytes have not true roots, stem and leaves are puesdo (False)
  • pusedo root is called Rizoid.
  • pusedo stem is called Rizome.
  • bryophytes are the simple group of plants.
  • bryophytes need water for sexual reproduction.
  • bryophytes’ body is called Thaloid.
  • bryophytes don’t have vascular tissues.

The dominant generation is the gametophyte. The sporophyte is parasitic on
the gametophyte. This stems from the embryo being retained in the female
sex organ of the gametophyte.

Groups of Bryophytes:

Bryophytes are divided into three main groups/classes:

1. Hepaticae (Liverworts), Leafy liverworts, (~5,000 species) – predominately tropical and poorly covered in most texts and Thallose liverworts (~3,500 species)

2. Musci (Mosses), (~14,000 species)

3. Anthocerotae (Hornworts) Thallose liverwort – bilaterally symmetrical, Division: Anthocerotophyta; Stotler & Stotl. Crand., 1977