A Fruit, Fodder, Medicinal, and Economic Tree of Thar Desert (Pelu, the Desert Fruit)
Khabar, Jaar, Methi Jaar (Miswak Tree) is a small tree or shrub can be seen on sand dunes, pasturelands as well as agriculture lands in different ecological zones of Tharparkar. The English name of Jaar is Miswak Tree and scientific name is Salvadora oleiodes, it belongs to Salvadoraceae of Plant kingdom.
Mostly Jaar can be seen as a shrub with lash green leaves branches which hang on ground and also like a big tree with large throat and strong branches. Small fleshy berries like fruits called Pelu in local language, there are two colors of pleu can be find in May every year. The size of every fruit is about 1cm in diameter with test is sweet and every fruit contains single seed.
Leaves of Jaar are the favorite fodder of camel and goat too but goat, sheep like to eat pelu (fruit of jaar). The Jaar is also valuable to the local people because it contains many active compounds which promote good health.
Local peoples collect Pelu and preserve and use around the year, locally called “Kokar” also gifted to relatives as well as relatives/friend living in different towns of Pakistan and other countries.
The root bark of the tree is similar to sand, and the inner surfaces are an even lighter shade of brown. It has a pleasant fragrance, of cress or mustard, as well as a warm and pungent taste. The fresh sticks of roots are very famous around the world, that is usually used as a tooth brush for whiting the teeth.
Different Researches suggests that salvadora persica contains a number of medically beneficial properties including abrasives, antiseptics, astringent, detergents, enzyme inhibitors, and fluoride.
Some Specific Benefits of Jaar/Khabar, Miswaak Tree:
A cure for illness and it strengthens and prevents tooth.
Creates a fragrance in the mouth.
A cure for headaches.
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